Research shows that employees seek out organisations that value purpose over profit. But what role does HR have in mobilising action on environmental and social governance? And how can the legal sector respond?
When the bosses of 14 major companies agreed to join a pledge to put the wellbeing of their staff, local communities and broader society higher up the boardroom agenda, it had the markings of just another corporate social responsibility initiative.
The Purposeful Company, co-chaired by Acas chief executive Clare Chapman, includes commitments from organisations such as PwC, Unilever and Capita who collectively employ more than 2 million people. The aim is to create a list of agreed criteria on which companies’ statements on ‘purpose’ can be measured, incentivising them to move beyond empty promises and onto tangible results.
But its formation also marks an evolution in how organisations approach issues such as community interaction, reducing carbon emissions and ensuring activities in their supply chain are ethical. This is no longer a ‘nice-to-have’ initiative manned by volunteers – investors, customers and employees are demanding more.
A recent survey by professional services company GHD found that 22% of workers thought a company’s environmental credentials were “very or extremely influential” when deciding whether to accept a job, with 19% saying they would consider changing an employer on the grounds another had a better record on the environment.
Investors and employees alike are pushing for companies to evidence what they’re doing on environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) issues too.
Asset management company Standard Life Aberdeen (soon to be “Abrdn”) recently partnered with an eco-tech company to monitor homeworkers’ carbon emissions, for example, citing that employees “all had a responsibility” to meet sustainability goals.
Annual general meetings increasingly feature demands from ‘activist’ investors who want more accountability on executive pay or working conditions, and recently institutional investors spoke out about exploitative employment practices at food delivery company Deliveroo as it was due to go public on the stock exchange.
The legal sector is increasingly showing its ESG credentials, too. Over the last seven years, the graduate recruitment team at Clifford Chance have been committed to reducing its carbon footprint and adopting a greener, more sustainable approach to recruiting by reviewing their processes and modifying existing practices to be more carbon friendly. This includes reducing the amount of paper marketing collateral and considering reusable products when offering giveaway incentives to prospective candidates.
The firm is one of the founding partners of the Sustainable Recruitment Alliance, which is committed to embracing initiatives that support better use of energy and resources to reduce carbon emissions across their services. “The objectives of the Sustainable Recruitment Alliance align with the firm’s broader ESG goals that formulate a core part of our Responsible Business strategy,” a spokesperson explains, “while the work of the graduate recruitment team mirrors that of the wider firm’s efforts to provide an environmentally efficient service.”
Looking at processes and reviewing their impact is a great first step. “The intellectual argument for [ESG] has long been won,” says Richard Tyrie, co-founder of Good People, which focuses on social impact recruitment. “Now the focus is on what we need to do and how we do it.” The pandemic has intensified an already growing shift towards demanding more purpose from employers, he adds.
“Increasingly for the younger generation this stuff is not just important, it’s what gets them into your business and keeps them there. People have watched what’s happened during the pandemic, the Black Lives Matter movement and action on free school meals and they’ve had enough,” says Tyrie. “They want to do more and if their employers aren’t, then that throws their relationship into question.”
David Logan, author of Companies for Good, sees this as a progression from what many organisations historically badged as corporate social responsibility. “There are two dimensions to this: the behaviour of companies as institutions and the behaviour of companies in helping their stakeholders to be good citizens themselves,” he explains. “They’re under pressure from their employees to cut their environmental impact, to make a contribution to society – what’s new and developing rapidly is their role in empowering employees to help them do that.”
How organisations respond to this pressure is as varied as the businesses themselves. What comes under the ESG banner also depends on each employer and their priorities, and can range from diversity and inclusion initiatives to environmental volunteering days and policies on modern slavery.
“We have a mix of topics we’re strong on, topics we want to develop, future-looking projects and what we call housekeeping,” says Olivia Whittam, head of sustainability at Siemens plc. “As a responsible business we make sure we pay our tax and we’re transparent about it, then there are our supply chain processes, our business ethics, our code of conduct that influence how we conduct ourselves.”
Sustainability at Siemens comes under three strands: environment (ensuring manufacture is as carbon efficient as possible but also focusing on internal green projects); people (diversity, modern slavery, wellbeing and human rights); and responsible business practices (including supply chain oversight, tax, volunteering and how it works with schools).
Whittam says it’s crucial that none of these exist in a vacuum. “It needs to be joined up,” she adds. “One example is our real living wage accreditation: this helps with inclusion, our business ethics, we expect our suppliers to pay it, and there’s a knock on effect to all of those employees because they don’t have to resort to food banks. You change one thing in the system and there’s a knock on effect.”
Executive recruitment company Heidrick & Struggles sees sustainability as part of a broader drive to ensure good governance on behalf of clients, and recently published its first ESG report. Claire Skinner, a partner in the firm, says transparency and measurement has to be at the centre of organisations’ commitments.
“Sustainability and climate interest has been growing since the Paris Agreement but there’s been a real shift in the last year,” she says. “There’s a growing sense of ownership and individual accountability, and then linking that to company purpose and what we can contribute collectively.”
The firm reports on diversity and inclusion, philanthropy and charitable giving, and environmental sustainability. It also has a partnership with Indigo AG, a company that offsets carbon emissions by providing farmers with agricultural ‘credits’.
HR professionals have a key role in driving change in these areas, argues Skinner. “There are many similarities here to the capabilities needed for digital transformation – how leaders ensure that leaders know what to prioritise so they can deliver change at pace,” she says.
As a board-level recruiter, the company is seeing heightened interest in environmental and sustainability capabilities from clients, too. “We recruit a lot of chief sustainability officers, so there is a real ambition for change,” she adds.
Bringing it all together
A big shift in this area is the way in which employees want to drive organisations’ purpose from the ground-up, rather than initiatives being imposed from the top. HR can have a role in bringing this all together, argues Logan.
“Organisations have a particular role in drawing out suggestions and recommendations from employees,” he says. “HR professionals can synthesise this and give it form. But they also need to clarify what ‘doing good’ means – what it is the organisation wants to accomplish, what the measures are, and what resources are available.”
Law firm Hogan Lovells brings its sustainability activities under the umbrella of ‘responsible business’ and this covers a range of issues from reducing carbon emissions within the business itself to pro bono work and community investments.
The UN’s Sustainable Development Goals have been a useful framework, says Susan Bright, global diversity, equity and inclusion manager.
“Our purpose is to use law to drive positive change,” she explains, “and that means delivering on our commitments to DEI and responsible business, which we believe should have the same focus as delivering profit.
“I’m a passionate believer that you need purpose-led businesses, you shouldn’t have to choose between being profitable and purpose-led. People joining us want a good salary but also to work for a business where there’s a purpose they can align with, and clients feel the same.”
New starters attend a session on responsible business and every employee is given 25 hours per year to take part in responsible business activities such as community volunteering or pro bono work.
One project involves lawyers working with an environmental investigations agency in collaboration with lawyers from Bank of America, supporting their work to prosecute wildlife traffickers. The firm also has a partnership with the Wildlife Trust where staff can attend team days at nature reserves.
“We do challenging and stressful work sometimes and these activities can support wellbeing and help teams to connect better,” adds Fabienne Gress, responsible business assistant manager.
The United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) comes to the UK in November, and Whittam at Siemens believes this will sharpen the focus on ESG for many global employers.
“The pandemic has massively helped this agenda because we can have direct conversations with more employees through virtual engagement events and town halls,” she says.
The company is now looking at ways it can sustain this interest as well as keep on target to reduce its own environmental footprint.
Like Aberdeen Standard Life, there’s a focus on educating employees on their individual role in reducing carbon, even while working from home. But there’s also an acknowledgement that smaller actions can ripple into something more impactful.
“It’s about educating people on the factors they need to balance. If you only work in one room, heat that one,” she says. “Measurement makes the commitment. We’re well on track for carbon net zero in our UK business, but we need to find those sweet spots with our supply chain and our customers.
“I can’t have every one of those conversations, it’s about our sales teams, our clients having a really good educated conversation around it. It’s no longer a question of whether people want to do this, but how.”